If the stones are trapped in the ureters or are extremely huge, a doctor may suggest kidney stone removal surgery. The ureters link the kidneys to the bladder.
When Does Someone Require Kidney Stone Surgery?
Kidney stone surgery will be recommended by a urologist if the kidney stones are:
- extremely large
- creating discomfort
- trapped in the ureters
In some circumstances, a person will require immediate medical attention, particularly if they are exhausted and vomiting.
Types of Surgeries
Kidney stone removal surgery comes in a variety of forms. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy and nephrolithotripsy, ureteroscopy, shockwave lithotripsy, and open surgery are among the procedures available.
Nephrolithotripsy and Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy
These surgeries may be recommended by Kidney Stone Doctors for persons who have massive or abnormally formed kidney stones.
Both procedures commence with the administration of general anaesthesia. A surgeon performs a tiny hole in the back and implants a nephroscope, which is a small fibre-optic camera, to gain accessibility to the kidney.
A nephrolithotomy technique is performed when a kidney stone specialist extracts a kidney stone using a catheter.
A nephrolithotripsy method, on the contrary hand, includes using sound waves to shatter down kidney stones and suctioning the pieces out.
Despite the operation requiring about 20–45 minutes, a patient should plan on spending 2–3 days in the medical facility. They will almost certainly have to take a week off work.
This kidney stone removal surgery can include complications like:
- infectious disease
- During the surgery, there can be blood loss.
- stones do not crumble
- other systems get harmed
The second kidney stone removal surgery is Ureteroscopy. A doctor uses a ureteroscope to guide a small telescope into the urethra and bladder till it hits the kidney stone.
A laser fibre in the ureteroscope splits the stone into bits. Tiny kidney stones are best removed with this treatment.
A stent will be placed in the ureter as a protection to help a patient move urine if they feel oedema.
After this surgery, patients should anticipate spending the night in the hospital.
Ureteroscopy complications include:
- stone shards leftover
- ureteral strangulation
- ureteral obstruction
Shockwave lithotripsy is an outpatient surgery in which a kidney stone specialist locates and breaks up kidney stones using sound waves and X-rays.
Prior to the procedure, the patient will be given general anaesthesia or sedation.
If the doctor is unable to remove all of the kidney stones, the patient may require extra operations, such as a ureteroscopy.
This process is non-invasive, a person can anticipate resuming normal routines within two days.
A patient should consume lots of liquids after surgery to assist the stones or stone fragments passing.
Shockwave lithotripsy can cause consequences such as kidney damage and stones that don’t break down, necessitating extra therapy. This therapy may potentially increase the chance of acquiring high blood pressure or diabetes.
Open Kidney Stone Removal Surgery
Doctors only offer open surgery if previous methods have failed to remove kidney stones.
A person is given general anaesthesia throughout this surgery. A surgeon starts by making a side cut and opening the kidney and ureter. The stone is then located and removed.
They’ll put a drain in prior stitching to prevent urine from getting into the incision. A stent will also be inserted into the ureter.
A person can anticipate remaining numerous days in the medical facility following this treatment.
Open surgery complications include:
- urination with blood
- internal or external bleeding around the kidney
- digestion slowed
- Infection in urine
When all other options have failed, doctors will offer open surgery. The most demanding method of kidney stone surgery is open surgery. In contrast to, say, a ureteroscopy, a patient can expect a substantially lengthier recovery period with it. An individual should drink lots of water to avoid having kidney stones. They may also need to make dietary modifications, such as limiting their intake of animal protein, based on the kind of kidney stone they have.
All these treatments are provided in Ahmedabad. Dr. Dushyant Pawar is the best doctor available to serve patients with kidney stone removal surgery. Immediately make an appointment with him to resolve your issue. He gives compassionate, specialised care to match your individual needs.